Through hotline services, safe shelter, medical and legal advocacy, consultations, trainings and counseling; Children & Families of Iowa can provide help for those whose lives are affected by domestic violence.CFI offers healing for survivors of domestic violence and hope to those who want to create safer homes and communities.

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Domestic violence is any pattern of abusive behaviors used to control another person.

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Throughout his career, Cross was largely concerned with racial/ethnic identity theory and the negative effects of Western thought and science on the psychology of Black Americans, and specifically the need for “psychological liberation under conditions of oppression.” Here, he met Badi Foster, who would later become his best man and lifelong friend and mentor.

While at DU, Cross seriously questioned his religious beliefs and eventually denounced God because he couldn’t explain slavery or the Holocaust.

He is best known for his Nigrescence Model, first detailed in a 1971 publication, and his book, Shades of Black, published in 1991. Cross’ Nigrescence Model expanded upon the work of other Black psychologists that came before him, and created an important foundation for racial/ethnic identity psychology.

It has proved a sensible and available framework for both individual and collective social change.

These revelations influenced his later work, especially the transition stage of his model (Immersion-Emersion).

Cross worked on his masters in clinical psychology at Roosevelt University in Chicago, where he became familiar with the stages of therapy during clinical training.

When Keeghan was five, her parents split up and she went to live with her mom and see her dad every-other weekend.

Soon after the split, Keeghan’s dad, Justin, noticed she was suddenly more reserved, not the bubbly, talkative little girl he knew.

Avoid sexist magazines, music, movies and other media.