Indeed, this is where the center of Jewish rabbinic authority came to rest after the Roman Empire shut down the Sanhedrin in 363 CE.The head of the Jewish community of Babylon ― who was officially recognized by the Persian authorities ― was called Resh Galusa in Aramaic, which means Rosh Galut in Hebrew, and "Head of the Diaspora" in English.

(For more on the Byzantines see Part 41) In this way the Jews of Babylon were protected from harm that the Byzantine Christians inflicted elsewhere.

In this atmosphere, Jewish scholarship was able to flourish in the great yeshivas at Sura (which was founded by Rabbi Abba Ben Ibo better known as Rav) and at Nehardea (which was founded by the Babylonian sage Shmuel) and which later moved to Pumbedita.

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A dozen years later when the Temple was destroyed, the Jews who were exiled to Babylon found there yeshivas, synagogues, kosher butchers, etc., all the essentials for maintaining a Jewish life.

(See Part 23) Seventy years later, when the Babylonians fell to the Persians and the Jews were permitted to return, only a small number did.The Resh Galusa was a person who was a direct descendant of the House of King David.Even though he was not a king in the land of Israel, he was recognized as not only being the representative of the Jewish community in Babylon but as also having noble status.Call me on my cell at 619-322-8333 or fill out my ” I was fortunate enough to have my oldest daughter purchase a 6 lesson private instruction plan from Michael Major at Torrey Pines.As an almost 70 year old new to the game of golf (4-5 years hacking! Michael devoted time to the swing fundamentals, pitching, putting, sand and basic improvement techniques.The story of the Jews of Babylon of necessity begins some 1,000 years before our current timeline ― in the 434 BCE, when the Babylonians first marched on Israel as part of their campaign to stake claim to the former Assyrian empire.