It is the centre of the evolution and distribution of many endemic species of plants and animals.

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The largest river system is the Kapuas in West Kalimantan, with a length of 1,143 km (710 mi).

Other major rivers include the Mahakam in East Kalimantan (980 km long (610 mi)), the Barito in South Kalimantan (880 km long (550 mi)), and Rajang in Sarawak (562.5 km long (349.5 mi)). Clearwater Cave, for example, has one of the world's longest underground rivers.

Antipodal to an area of Amazon rainforest, Borneo is itself home to one of the oldest rainforests in the world, and to Bornean orangutans.

The island is known by many names; internationally it is known as Borneo, after Brunei, derived from European historical contact with the kingdom in the 16th century during the Age of Exploration.

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Unser Portal listet Systeme der seriösen Partnervermittlung.The South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand now submerge the former low-lying areas of the peninsula.Deeper waters separating Borneo from neighbouring Sulawesi prevented a land connection to that island, creating the divide known as Wallace's Line between Asian and Australia-New Guinea biological regions.by the South China Sea to the north and northwest, the Sulu Sea to the northeast, the Celebes Sea and the Makassar Strait to the east, and the Java Sea and Karimata Strait to the south.To the west of Borneo are the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra.At the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia, in relation to major Indonesian islands, it is located north of Java, west of Sulawesi, and east of Sumatra.