Although contraceptives are used in Peru, they are more common in urban areas.

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The abuses during the conflict have caused both mental and physical problems in women.

Identification papers, necessary for the execution of civil rights like voting, were also destroyed en masse.

The Peruvian Government has begun efforts to combat the high maternal mortality rate and lack of female political representation, as well as violence against women. Andean civilization is traditionally somewhat egalitarian for men and women, with women allowed to inherit property from their mothers.

After the Spanish conquered the Inca Empire, the culture became more patriarchal; and the resulting society has been described as being machista.

President Alberto Fujimori (in office from 1990–2000) has been accused of genocide and crimes against humanity as a result of a sterilization program put in place by his administration.

During his presidency, Fujimori conducted a program of forced sterilizations against indigenous Quechuas and the Aymaras women, under the guise of a "public health plan". As such, they tend to be less fluent in Spanish, the national language of Peru.The OECD notes that women in Peru are subject to abuse, with almost half suffering from violence. There are also reports of female genital mutilation as a rite of passage during puberty.The government has attempted to address the issues, establishing the National Programme against Family Violence and Abuse in 2001, and passing a law requiring local authorities to deal with domestic abuse and stipulating punishments for rape and spousal rape.regulation and implementation has been controversial, with the only clear guidelines (in Arequipa) withdrawn under pressure from anti-abortion groups.There have been instances where mothers have been forced to carry babies to term at large personal risk. A 2004 survey by the United Nations estimates that 13 percent of women between the ages of 15 and 19 have been married.In marriage, the husband and wife share responsibility for household affairs.